This paper reviews the experience of outgrower projects funded by the AECF. Outgrower projects are a significant segment of the entire AECF portfolio, with 51 being funded across 14 different countries and a commitment totalling USD$33.4m. This paper addresses the following objectives:

  •  Improving our understanding of how AECF-funded outgrower projects benefit (or fail to benefit) smallholder farmers.
  • Identifying common characteristics of successful outgrower projects, including the most successful model type, from the perspective of both the smallholder and the company
  • Diagnosing common challenges faced by outgrower projects and analysing how AECF grantees have overcome these challenges.

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