This revised study summarises the regulatory environment, documents the experiences of some of the AECF businesses and makes practical recommendations on how to simplify the certification process.

The study focuses on three key inputs: seeds, fertiliser and pesticides. As this study is an update, the study seeks to explore whether any significant changes have taken place and how the role of the various regulatory agencies may have evolved.

The study concludes that there have been noticeable reduction in registration times for new seed varieties. In the fertiliser sector, the TFRA has committed to implementing changes to the trailing and registration process, and in the pesticide sector, discussion of amendments to the Plant Protection Act are underway. Potentially these changes could have a transformative impact, however much still need to be done. This includes greater participation of the private sector in these markets (particularly for seeds) and prompt revision of regulations. Some changes also require amendments to legislation which may be more difficult to enact than regulations issued by the ministry, and the ongoing resourcing situation of regulatory bodies can create a ‘survivalist’ approach to raising funds from businesses, which can be counter-productive.